spacetimecontinumm:

Terraformation of Mars: A New Look
We look at Mars now as a forgotten Red Planet that almost seems barren and life-less judging from our available images and study of it. But study shows Mars was once as ecologically prosperous as our own Earth. But what happened to all of its waters? Better yet why is it so dry and lacking any plants? Once the abundance of oxygen left and the waters froze over or dried off the planet became what it is today. But what if we can in a way reactivate’ Mars? Welcome to Mars, Terraformed’.
About Terraforming
Transforming Mars will be a long and complicated process. But this is exactly the type of subject that interests space researchers like Christopher McKay of NASA Ames Research Center. First, greenhouse gases, like chlorofluorocarbons that contribute to the growing ozone layer on Earth, will be released into the atmosphere. This traps the heat from the Sun and raises the surface temperature by an average of 4 degrees Celsius. In order to achieve this, factories would manufacture chlorofluorocarbons derived from the air and soil. A single factory would require the power equivalent of a large nuclear power plant.
The increasing temperature would vaporize some of the carbon dioxide in the south polar cap. Introducing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere would produce additional warming, melting more of the polar cap until it has been vaporized completely. This would produce an average temperature rise of 70 degrees Celsius.
With the temperature this high, ice will start melting, providing the water needed to sustain life. This water would raise the atmospheric pressure to the equivalent of some mountaintops. While this would be a survivable level, it may still require the use of an oxygen mask. The next step, which may take up to several centuries, would be to plant trees that thrive on carbon dioxide and produce oxygen.

NASA: Terraforming Mars
Terraforming is the process of transforming a hostile environment into one suitable for human life. Being that Mars is the most Earth-like planet, it is the best candidate for terraforming. Once just the subject of science fiction novels, it is now becoming a viable research area. The famed astronomer and Pulitzer prize winner, Carl Sagan, says that there is enormous promise in the search for ancient life on Mars. If life was once sustainable on Mars, it is important to know what caused Mars to evolve into the cold and lifeless planet it is today. With this knowledge, we can terraform Mars by reversing the process.
NASA scientists believe that it is technologically possible at the present time to create considerable global climate changes, allowing humans to live on Mars. But this will not be by any means an easy task. Raising the atmospheric pressure and surface temperature alone could be achieved in a few decades.
This research has strong environmental implications for Earth. What researchers are trying to do involves global warming, a sort of greenhouse effect on the cold planet Mars. Scientists may be able to test their hypotheses about global warming in their attempts to elevate Mars’ surface temperature. Likewise, once theories, they may be applied to our own planet in an attempt to reverse environmental damage done by pollution and deforestation.

spacetimecontinumm:

Terraformation of Mars: A New Look

We look at Mars now as a forgotten Red Planet that almost seems barren and life-less judging from our available images and study of it. But study shows Mars was once as ecologically prosperous as our own Earth. But what happened to all of its waters? Better yet why is it so dry and lacking any plants? Once the abundance of oxygen left and the waters froze over or dried off the planet became what it is today. But what if we can in a way reactivate’ Mars? Welcome to Mars, Terraformed’.

About Terraforming

Transforming Mars will be a long and complicated process. But this is exactly the type of subject that interests space researchers like Christopher McKay of NASA Ames Research Center. First, greenhouse gases, like chlorofluorocarbons that contribute to the growing ozone layer on Earth, will be released into the atmosphere. This traps the heat from the Sun and raises the surface temperature by an average of 4 degrees Celsius. In order to achieve this, factories would manufacture chlorofluorocarbons derived from the air and soil. A single factory would require the power equivalent of a large nuclear power plant.

The increasing temperature would vaporize some of the carbon dioxide in the south polar cap. Introducing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere would produce additional warming, melting more of the polar cap until it has been vaporized completely. This would produce an average temperature rise of 70 degrees Celsius.

With the temperature this high, ice will start melting, providing the water needed to sustain life. This water would raise the atmospheric pressure to the equivalent of some mountaintops. While this would be a survivable level, it may still require the use of an oxygen mask. The next step, which may take up to several centuries, would be to plant trees that thrive on carbon dioxide and produce oxygen.

image

NASA: Terraforming Mars

Terraforming is the process of transforming a hostile environment into one suitable for human life. Being that Mars is the most Earth-like planet, it is the best candidate for terraforming. Once just the subject of science fiction novels, it is now becoming a viable research area. The famed astronomer and Pulitzer prize winner, Carl Sagan, says that there is enormous promise in the search for ancient life on Mars. If life was once sustainable on Mars, it is important to know what caused Mars to evolve into the cold and lifeless planet it is today. With this knowledge, we can terraform Mars by reversing the process.

NASA scientists believe that it is technologically possible at the present time to create considerable global climate changes, allowing humans to live on Mars. But this will not be by any means an easy task. Raising the atmospheric pressure and surface temperature alone could be achieved in a few decades.

This research has strong environmental implications for Earth. What researchers are trying to do involves global warming, a sort of greenhouse effect on the cold planet Mars. Scientists may be able to test their hypotheses about global warming in their attempts to elevate Mars’ surface temperature. Likewise, once theories, they may be applied to our own planet in an attempt to reverse environmental damage done by pollution and deforestation.

dubiousculturalartifact:

betterlivingindusties:

I wonder if bonsai plants would be considered plant cruelty. After all, plants do want to grow as much as possible, which they are not allowed to do in small pots.

I will fight to preserve what lives and grows well in its own way, though, and in some ways, a bonsai would just be a different way of growing, wouldn’t it be?

Unrestrained growth isn’t always the best thing for Life, after all.

I think a good wizard would find a way to talk to the tree in a way that might bring it around to the right way of thinking.

Good bonsai, as near as I can determine, is about coaxing the tree into shape, bending it by guiding it, not forcing it, keeping it compact with careful patience.

There’s something to be said about being small, about being slow, and cautious, about packing as much Life as possible into the most delicate of forms, and I don’t think it’s necessarily something that would go against wizardry.

And now I’m thinking of the shakkans of Tamora Pierce’s Winding Circle series, the bonsais and the magic potential of them, and how those sorts of thought can be applied to the YW series.

Thinking about the spellwork you might be able to fit into the shape of the tree as it grows, slow spells that take a century to perfect, of the conversations you might have with a century old tree who has spent so much time growing and hardly gaining size, just changing in more subtle and beautiful ways, and what they might have to say about Life.

imaginariumgeographica:

Breathing Underwater - A Mix for Diane Duane’s Deep Wizardry
[listen]

The Great Exhale - Great Lake Swimmers // The Wrestle - Frightened Rabbit // All Your Friends - Coldplay // Breathing Underwater - Metric // We All Go Back To Where We Belong - R.E.M. // Ordinary Love - U2 // Song For the Angels - Great Lake Swimmers // Crests of Waves - Coldplay // Last of the Great Whales - The Irish Descendants // Islands - Hey Ocean!

imaginariumgeographica:

Breathing Underwater - A Mix for Diane Duane’s Deep Wizardry

[listen]

The Great Exhale - Great Lake Swimmers // The Wrestle - Frightened Rabbit // All Your Friends - Coldplay // Breathing Underwater - Metric // We All Go Back To Where We Belong - R.E.M. // Ordinary Love - U2 // Song For the Angels - Great Lake Swimmers // Crests of Waves - Coldplay // Last of the Great Whales - The Irish Descendants // Islands - Hey Ocean!

vmagazine:

'Seeking Aether' (experimental garment collection): InAisce FW 13/14 Men's Collection featuring South Sudanese refugee and former child soldier turned actor, model and activist Ger Duany  - video link

inkstainedchocolateeyes:

weresquirrel:

fuchsimeon:

tardisity:

bigplanssforthatfish:

reblogallthenerdythings:

we have literally created our own dialogue? language? here on tumblr and i think that is the most amazing thing ever please disregard my shitty editing skills

no listen this is actually really amazing because this is a real thing. i think this counts as a pidgin language. a pidgin language is basically a changed, simplified version of a language. you can change the spellings of words, pronunciation, grammar rules, or even make up new words. i think. i’d have to research it a bit more to be sure but i’m 90% sure this is right. if its not a pidgin language, then its a lingua franca but thats more used for trade and stuff like that. but still a new language. so yes, we’ve created our own language. we’ve changed the whole sentence structure. we can trail off sentences, say things like “i just cant”, and use words like ship, OTP, fic, fandom, feels, and ship names and everyone will understand what you’re saying. the part that i love most is how people go “OMGH IM CRIIY NIG SOIOO HARD” and understand each other. for example “IM LIUA GHMNIG”. that one was incredibly easy, but if you knew that said “I’m laughing”, congratulations. You speak a pidgin language. we can even say stuff like “Does anyone know of a Johnlock fic, at least 20k words, not a WIP, with no OCs, and is Post-Reichenbach? Or just a Destiel PWP would be great.” To someone not on tumblr, that wouldn’t make any sense. but you understood, didn’t you? One characteristic of a pidgin language is that you have to learn it like a second language. Another characteristic is that it is frequently changing. tumblr goes through many trends with how we talk. if i remember correctly, when i first made an account about two years ago, talking like this wasn’t quite as common. also, that thing of suddenly capitalizing your sentence is fairly recent. you know, when people go “the new epISODE IS TOMORROW”. Like one of the people up there said, all of this is awesome because how else do you easily show emotion and tone over the internet? we’ve even made a whole sense of humour that most people here share in. There’s so much more that I could talk about with this, but i’m tired and i may be entirely wrong about everything. but yes. people on the fandom side of tumblr who speak like this are speaking a new language

It’s more amazing when you think that the new language was developed almost exclusively through indirect communication.

Man I wish I still had linguisitics classes because I am sure this totally counts as a pidgin language…

Oh man, paint me green and call me Shrek, YES. This is the kind of post I’ve been waiting for.

I’m a second year English linguistics major, and according to my studies, the “Tumblr lingo” doesn’t really fall into the category of a pidgin language, but that is a clever thought, and you were definitely on the right track. Pidgin languages are essentially contact languages between different cultures, with a limited vocabulary and system of rules, that disappears completely after having served its purpose.

My favorite example is Russenorsk, the now extinct pidgin language created by Russian and Norwegian fishermen. These two languages had nothing on common, and fishermen, not generally being known for their high levels of education, probably didn’t speak any language other than their own which could have acted as a lingua franca (as English does on Tumblr and in general). Russenorsk had words only related to fishing and trading (NOTHING ELSE, you couldn’t have held a conversation about, let’s say, politics with that one), and it disappeared when the contact between the two cultures was terminated. That’s a true pidgin: an awkward, albeit revolutionary attempt at communication that’s forced into existence by simple necessity. It resembles a natural language, but is not nearly as expressive or useful in a modern person’s day to day life as a natural language.

TLDR, a pidgin is a temporary, limited mishmash of words that is not comparable to what we have here.

Tumblr lingo doesn’t adopt rules or words from other cultures, we just contort our existing knowledge of the English language into new shapes, based on a system of new, unspoken, arbitrary rules; while the new words are mostly acronyms and shorthands for already existing, common English words.

As I see it, Tumblr lingo is a sociolect of English. Not a dialect, that would imply that there is a specific place where it’s spoken, and as we know, tumblr’s audience is shockingly diverse. A sociolect, on the other hand, isn’t limited by location. It’s determined more by common experience (let’s say a workplace, or yes, a website with a strong social aspect) and social status. It includes words and expressions that are only used in that setting, and it may or may not have rules regulating the social behavior of the members. (I’m thinking of  ”YAAAAAAS” now, and how it came to take the place of “yes” in certain settings, for example. Our usual, everyday reaction to a given situation changes when we’re in the setting where the sociolect that requires it is used. What’s special about Tumblr in this case is that it requires unpredictable responses, which is really dang impressive and interesting.)

That takes the circle back to OP’s question: why do popular posts observe these rules. It seems to me that the rules of Tumblr lingo are most often observed by those who are, or wish to be “Tumblr famous” (see, who wish to belong to an “elite” group or pretend that they do), or have a successful, widely known post. The upper class of our little, broken society uses broken grammar and a bastardized version of English, and it is (probably) unconsciously seen as a status symbol. We value nonchalance and unpredictable, wild emotions, and the Tumblr lingo aims to reflect just that in written form. And yes, I do believe that the tag system did participate in the abandonment of punctuation in our speech, but I could probably write a whole study about that alone.

All in all, this phenomenon is not necessarily unique, but I have never seen it change a language so violently, and I think that’s absolutely fascinating.

jenesaispourquoi

Omg bless you for tagging me

But guys, think about super close platonic relationships

stevebuckybromance:

  • Platonic reassuring shoulder/arm/hand grabbing
  • Platonic tight, meaningful hugs
  • Platonic late-night deep conversations that end in at least one person holding back tears or sobbing
  • Platonic sleeping in the same bed
  • Platonic forehead touches
  • Platonic staring into each other’s eyes like the other person is the world
  • Platonic CUDDLES

SUPER CLOSE PLATONIC RELATIONSHIPS

picardspajamas:

I just noticed that simmons says “I was losing her anyway.” I. I.

Once again, I think it’s a go both ways kind of thing. Like I think largely it’s because Jemma sees herself as the doctor, the one who’s supposed to fix skye, the one who is in charge here so if skye goes, she is at fault, she’s…

no-more-ramen:

  • 2 28-oz cans of sliced peaches
  • 1 box yellow cake mix
  • 1 cube butter
  • as much cinnamon as you desire
  • vanilla ice cream (optional)
  • cool whip (optional)
  • 9x11in baking dish

Drain both cans of peaches most of the way. Dump peaches into baking dish. Sprinkle cinnamon over the top of the peaches….

keshianash:

Modern AU where kel is the girl trying out for the football team or something and her older sister all do more “femine” hobbies like ballet or something, and she meets Neal there and he’s like always on the bench because he makes their coach “the stump” who got hurt in an incident saving the…

jaclcfrost:

fun fact

  • yelling at someone when they’re crying? funnily enough, that’s probably not going to make them stop. neither is insulting them. especially if the insult has to do with the fact that they’re crying. those are the things that are probably going to make them want to cry more. and feel worse. wow! that’s fun
thewicked-eternity